Aviation Digital Data Service (ADDS)

Output produced by METARs form (1319 UTC 17 September 2019)
found at http://www.aviationweather.gov/metar/data/
 
METAR text: ZJHK 171300Z 05004MPS 9999 SCT020 29/25 Q1009 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1300 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 29.0°C (84°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 79%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.79 inches Hg (1009.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (50 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 2000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 171200Z 05005MPS 020V080 CAVOK 29/25 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1200 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 29.0°C (84°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 79%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (50 degrees) at 12 MPH (10 knots; 5.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: ceiling and visibility are OK
Clouds: unknown
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 171100Z 04004MPS 9999 SCT023 29/25 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1100 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 29.0°C (84°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 79%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (40 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 171000Z 04007MPS 9999 SCT023 FEW026TCU 29/25 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1000 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 29.0°C (84°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 79%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (40 degrees) at 16 MPH (14 knots; 7.2 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 2300 feet AGL
few clouds at 2600 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170900Z 04007MPS 9999 SCT023 FEW026TCU 30/25 Q1007 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0900 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 30.0°C (86°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 75%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.73 inches Hg (1007.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (40 degrees) at 16 MPH (14 knots; 7.2 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 2300 feet AGL
few clouds at 2600 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170800Z 04006MPS 9999 FEW023 31/25 Q1007 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0800 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 31.0°C (88°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 71%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.73 inches Hg (1007.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (40 degrees) at 14 MPH (12 knots; 6.2 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170700Z 03005MPS 360V060 9999 FEW026TCU FEW026 31/26 Q1007 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0700 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 31.0°C (88°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 75%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.73 inches Hg (1007.0 mb)
Winds: from the NNE (30 degrees) at 12 MPH (10 knots; 5.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2600 feet AGL
few clouds at 2600 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170600Z 03005MPS 360V080 9999 FEW023TCU FEW023 32/25 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0600 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 32.0°C (90°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 67%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: from the NNE (30 degrees) at 12 MPH (10 knots; 5.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170500Z 05005MPS 020V080 9999 FEW015 FEW023TCU FEW023 33/26 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0500 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 33.0°C (91°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 67%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (50 degrees) at 12 MPH (10 knots; 5.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 1500 feet AGL
few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170400Z 01004MPS 320V060 9999 FEW020 FEW023CB SCT030 31/26 Q1009 BECMG SHRA
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0400 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 31.0°C (88°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 75%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.79 inches Hg (1009.0 mb)
Winds: from the N (10 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2000 feet AGL
few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
scattered clouds at 3000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170300Z 01002MPS 340V070 9999 FEW020 FEW023TCU SCT030 30/25 Q1010 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0300 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 30.0°C (86°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 75%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.82 inches Hg (1010.0 mb)
Winds: from the N (10 degrees) at 5 MPH (4 knots; 2.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2000 feet AGL
few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
scattered clouds at 3000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170200Z 06002MPS 320V130 9999 FEW016 FEW023TCU SCT030 30/26 Q1010 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0200 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 30.0°C (86°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 79%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.82 inches Hg (1010.0 mb)
Winds: from the ENE (60 degrees) at 5 MPH (4 knots; 2.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 1600 feet AGL
few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
scattered clouds at 3000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170100Z VRB01MPS 9999 FEW023 29/26 Q1010 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0100 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 29.0°C (84°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 84%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.82 inches Hg (1010.0 mb)
Winds: variable direction winds at 2 MPH (2 knots; 1.0 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 170000Z 25001MPS 8000 FEW023 28/26 Q1009 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0000 UTC 17 September 2019
Temperature: 28.0°C (82°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 89%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.79 inches Hg (1009.0 mb)
Winds: from the WSW (250 degrees) at 2 MPH (2 knots; 1.0 m/s)
Visibility: 5 miles ( 8 km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 162300Z 00000MPS 8000 FEW023 26/26 Q1009 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 2300 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 26.0°C (79°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 100%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.79 inches Hg (1009.0 mb)
Winds: calm
Visibility: 5 miles ( 8 km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 162200Z 26001MPS 8000 NSC 26/26 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 2200 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 26.0°C (79°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 100%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: from the W (260 degrees) at 2 MPH (2 knots; 1.0 m/s)
Visibility: 5 miles ( 8 km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: sky clear below 12,000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 162100Z 23001MPS 8000 BKN020 26/25 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 2100 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 26.0°C (79°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 94%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: from the SW (230 degrees) at 2 MPH (2 knots; 1.0 m/s)
Visibility: 5 miles ( 8 km)
Ceiling: 2000 feet AGL
Clouds: broken clouds at 2000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 162000Z 26002MPS 8000 NSC 25/25 Q1007 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 2000 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 25.0°C (77°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 100%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.73 inches Hg (1007.0 mb)
Winds: from the W (260 degrees) at 5 MPH (4 knots; 2.1 m/s)
Visibility: 5 miles ( 8 km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: sky clear below 12,000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161900Z 00000MPS 8000 NSC 26/25 Q1007 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1900 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 26.0°C (79°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 94%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.73 inches Hg (1007.0 mb)
Winds: calm
Visibility: 5 miles ( 8 km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: sky clear below 12,000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161800Z 26001MPS 8000 NSC 26/25 Q1007 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1800 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 26.0°C (79°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 94%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.73 inches Hg (1007.0 mb)
Winds: from the W (260 degrees) at 2 MPH (2 knots; 1.0 m/s)
Visibility: 5 miles ( 8 km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: sky clear below 12,000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161700Z 00000MPS 9999 FEW033 26/25 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1700 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 26.0°C (79°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 94%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: calm
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 3300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161600Z 00000MPS CAVOK 26/25 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1600 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 26.0°C (79°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 94%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: calm
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: ceiling and visibility are OK
Clouds: unknown
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161500Z VRB01MPS CAVOK 27/26 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1500 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 27.0°C (81°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 94%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: variable direction winds at 2 MPH (2 knots; 1.0 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: ceiling and visibility are OK
Clouds: unknown
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161400Z 13002MPS CAVOK 27/26 Q1008 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1400 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 27.0°C (81°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 94%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.76 inches Hg (1008.0 mb)
Winds: from the SE (130 degrees) at 5 MPH (4 knots; 2.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: ceiling and visibility are OK
Clouds: unknown
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161300Z 11003MPS 9999 FEW014 28/26 Q1007 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1300 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 28.0°C (82°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 89%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.73 inches Hg (1007.0 mb)
Winds: from the ESE (110 degrees) at 7 MPH (6 knots; 3.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 1400 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161200Z 10003MPS CAVOK 28/26 Q1006 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1200 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 28.0°C (82°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 89%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.70 inches Hg (1006.0 mb)
Winds: from the E (100 degrees) at 7 MPH (6 knots; 3.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: ceiling and visibility are OK
Clouds: unknown
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161100Z 08004MPS CAVOK 29/25 Q1006 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1100 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 29.0°C (84°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 79%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.70 inches Hg (1006.0 mb)
Winds: from the E (80 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: ceiling and visibility are OK
Clouds: unknown
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 161000Z 08004MPS CAVOK 31/25 Q1005 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 1000 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 31.0°C (88°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 71%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.68 inches Hg (1005.0 mb)
Winds: from the E (80 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: ceiling and visibility are OK
Clouds: unknown
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 160900Z 07004MPS 350V120 CAVOK 33/24 Q1005 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0900 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 33.0°C (91°F)
Dewpoint: 24.0°C (75°F) [RH = 59%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.68 inches Hg (1005.0 mb)
Winds: from the ENE (70 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: ceiling and visibility are OK
Clouds: unknown
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 160800Z 05004MPS 020V090 9999 FEW023 33/26 Q1005 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0800 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 33.0°C (91°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 67%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.68 inches Hg (1005.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (50 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 160700Z 06004MPS 020V100 9999 FEW023 33/26 Q1006 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0700 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 33.0°C (91°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 67%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.70 inches Hg (1006.0 mb)
Winds: from the ENE (60 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 160600Z 04004MPS 350V120 9999 FEW023 33/25 Q1006 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0600 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 33.0°C (91°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 63%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.70 inches Hg (1006.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (40 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 160500Z 02004MPS 320V080 9999 FEW023 33/25 Q1007 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0500 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 33.0°C (91°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 63%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.73 inches Hg (1007.0 mb)
Winds: from the NNE (20 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: few clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 160400Z 04004MPS 9999 SCT023 31/25 Q1009 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0400 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 31.0°C (88°F)
Dewpoint: 25.0°C (77°F) [RH = 71%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.79 inches Hg (1009.0 mb)
Winds: from the NE (40 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 160300Z 36004MPS 320V040 9999 SCT023 31/26 Q1009 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0300 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 31.0°C (88°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 75%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.79 inches Hg (1009.0 mb)
Winds: from the N (360 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 2300 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

METAR text: ZJHK 160200Z 02003MPS 330V060 9999 SCT016 31/26 Q1009 NOSIG
Conditions at: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN) observed 0200 UTC 16 September 2019
Temperature: 31.0°C (88°F)
Dewpoint: 26.0°C (79°F) [RH = 75%]
Pressure (altimeter): 29.79 inches Hg (1009.0 mb)
Winds: from the NNE (20 degrees) at 7 MPH (6 knots; 3.1 m/s)
Visibility: 6 or more miles (10+ km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 1600 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather observed at this time

Forecast for: ZJHK (HAIKOU , CN)
Text: TAF ZJHK 170904Z 1712/1812 05004MPS 8000 SCT020 TX33/1806Z TN25/1721Z
Forecast period: 1200 UTC 17 September 2019 to 1200 UTC 18 September 2019
Forecast type: FROM: standard forecast or significant change
Winds: from the NE (50 degrees) at 9 MPH (8 knots; 4.1 m/s)
Visibility: 5 miles (8 km)
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 2000 feet AGL
Weather: no significant weather forecast for this period
Text: TEMPO 1806/1812 -TSRA SCT023 FEW026CB
Forecast period: 0600 to 1200 UTC 18 September 2019
Forecast type: TEMPORARY: The following changes expected for less than half the time period
Visibility: missing
Ceiling: at least 12,000 feet AGL
Clouds: scattered clouds at 2300 feet AGL
few clouds at 2600 feet AGL
Weather: -TSRA  (light rain associated with thunderstorm(s))